Geopolitics & Culture
This cluster explores a rich and diverse array of cultures, societies, and histories traditionally associated with global divisions of East and West. How have these geopolitical entities been historically constructed and imagined, represented and misrepresented, lived and inhabited? With a specific focus on the Middle East and its interactions with the West, we chart the emergence of global empires and colonialism and how this contributed to shaping conceptions of race, ethnicity, and identity in the modern age.
How has the relationship between East and West—and between North and South—played out as one of dominance and conflict, oppression and resistance? Each course in the cluster explores this question on a micro level, at the level of people and their ideas. We look closely at specific geographical locales and time periods—in the United States, Europe, North Africa, the Iberian Peninsula, Palestine/Israel, the Levant, and the Gulf—what is broadly known as Western Asia. Some see a “clash of civilizations,” but we explore the productive exchange of ideas through coexistence—and communication—between peoples and cultures.
Asian and Middle Eastern Studies 204FS/ Documentary Studies 204FS/ Arts of the Moving Image 218FS — Documenting the Middle East: Oral History, Identity, and Community (ALP, CZ, CCI, R)
Nancy Kalow, Lecturing Fellow at the Center for Documentary Studies
Students in this course will study the documentary record of the Middle East in photography, film, and oral history. We will begin with studio photography of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century and conclude with recent community-based, experimental, and student documentary production. How do communities document themselves, and why are social media, politics of representation, and aesthetics important in analyzing documentary research? The class includes a hands-on documentary component. We will learn best practices of documentary work and the nuts-and-bolts of audio recording, interviewing, transcribing, writing field notes, and editing. The documentary approach favors an open-ended and non-invasive interview process, in which interviewees offer deep reflections on their lives, historical events, and community or cultural traditions. Fieldwork from the class will be permanently housed at Duke's Archive of Documentary Arts. No prerequisites.
Asian and Middle Eastern Studies 206FS/International Comparative Studies 206FS/ Religion 206FS/ Medieval and Renaissance Studies 206FS/ Jewish Studies 206FS: Clash of Civilizations: In the Heart of Europe (ALP, CZ)
Ellen McLarney, Director, Duke Middle East Studies Center; Associate Professor, Asian and Middle East Studies
Course focuses on the battle between barbarian invaders, established communities, and new religions in the heart of Europe. What became Spain and Portugal were battlegrounds between faiths old and new, a clash of civilizations between Christianity, Judaism, and Islam that would inform future global conflicts. We explore the history of this confrontation at the crossroad of civilizations—between East and West, Africa and Europe—and its effect on our worldview today. A common culture was forged in science, mathematics, music, literature, philosophy, and mysticism, a shared legacy shaping world history and the current world order. Part of the “Geopolitics and Culture” Focus Cluster.
Public Policy 190FS — 9/11, Islam, and the Modern Middle East (EI, SS)
David Schanzer, Professor of the Practice in the Sanford School of Public Policy; Director of the Triangle Center on Terrorism and Homeland Security
The attacks of September 11, 2001, were a seminal moment in modern history. They demonstrated the ability of non-state actors to inflict serious damage on the world’s greatest superpower and exposed the vulnerability of the entire global community to catastrophic acts of terrorism. This course explores the origins of this attack, the response of the United States, and the global implications of this long-term, continuous conflict. This inquiry includes discussions of the history of the modern Middle East, the rise Islamist political movements, and the ideology of violent extremist organizations such as al Qaeda and ISIS. Students will learn about the development of U.S. counterterrorism strategy, including uses of force in many Middle Eastern countries, targeted killings using armed drones, expansion of electronic communications surveillance at home and abroad, homeland security, and efforts to prevent acts of homegrown violent extremism.